Aligarh : Director of the Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Diabetes and Endocrinology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College (JNMC), Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Dr Hamid Ashraf deliberated easy monitoring of critical health vitals at home.
He was delivering a talk on ‘Measuring the Blood Pressure (BP) Accurately at Home’ held to observe the ‘World Hypertension Day’ at the Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Diabetes and Endocrinology.
“Do not smoke and drink caffeinated beverages or exercise within 30 minutes before measuring your blood pressure. It is important to use a cuff that fits your arm—cuffs that are too small can artificially raise your blood pressure reading”, said Dr Hamid while explaining the necessary steps to measure BP at home.
He added: Sit in an upright position with back supported, feet flat on the floor and your arm supported at heart level. Make sure the bottom of the cuff is directly above the bend of the elbow. Relax for about five minutes before taking a measurement. Also, make sure your bladder is empty, as a full one can temporarily raise blood pressure.
“People with hypertension have the highest risk of any disorder. If blood pressure is kept under control, complications can be avoided. Patients must check their BP frequently and keep a record. Even fit people should measure blood pressure at least once a year”, stressed Dr Hamid.
Speaking about how often people should measure their blood pressure, he suggested: “When and how often you take your readings will depend on your blood pressure. Speak to your doctor or nurse about what is suitable for you. It can be useful to monitor your blood pressure closely to begin with, then less often but at regular intervals”.
Dr Hamid urged people to take note of warning symptoms that should never be ignored.
“Headaches, nosebleeds, shortness of breath and irregular heartbeats can be triggered by hypertension—and blood pressure should be monitored immediately in these conditions”, he said.