New Delhi: Human brain is one of the most powerful and intelligent natural computer known to mankind. Neuromorphic computing refers to the field of technology where engineers try to build intelligent machines inspired from the working of mammal brains. Neurons and synapses are believed to be the most important building blocks giving rise to intelligence inside brains.
Researchers at IIT Delhi led by Prof. Manan Suri, Department of Electrical Engineering, have invented a new spiking neuron model named as DEXAT (Double EXponential Adaptive Threshold neuron). The invention is significant as it will help to build accurate, fast and energy-efficient neuromorphic Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems for real world applications like speech recognition.
The study was recently published in Nature Communications (https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-021-24427-8).
The work, which was partly funded by the Core Research Grant from the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), Department of Science and Technology (DST), contributes to the relatively nascent and emerging field of Recurrent Spiking Neural Networks (RSNNs).
The work being inter-disciplinary, lies at the intersection of Artificial Intelligence, Neuromorphic Hardware and Nanoelectronics.
- A novel multi timescale spiking neuron model (called DEXAT) for bio-inspired spatio-temporal processing.
- Emerging semiconductor nanoelectronics device based efficient hardware realization of the new neuron model.
- Successful hardware demonstration of real-time spatio-temporal neuromorphic processing.
The research team comprised of Prof. Manan Suri and research scholars- Mr Ahmed Shaban and Mr Sai Sukruth Bezugam.
Speaking about the work, Prof. Suri (Principal Investigator) said, “In our research group at IIT Delhi, we extensively work on all aspects of semiconductor memory technology and its emerging applications with academic and industrial partners. Over the last few years, we have successfully demonstrated the utilization of memory technology beyond simple storage. We have efficiently utilized semiconductor memory for applications such as: in-memory-computing, neuromorphic-computing, edge-AI, sensing and hardware-security. This work, specifically exploits analog properties of nanoscale oxide-based memory devices for building adaptive spiking neurons.”
The study demonstrated neuron model with higher accuracy, faster convergence and flexibility in hardware implementation compared to other state-of-the-art adaptive threshold spiking neurons. The proposed solution achieves high performance with fewer neurons. Benefits of proposed invention were shown on multiple datasets. Classification accuracy of 91% on Google Spoken Commands (GSC) dataset was achieved. A patent has also been filed on this work.
The authors successfully demonstrated a hybrid nanodevice based hardware realization. The proposed nanodevice neuromorphic network was found to achieve 94% accuracy even with very high device variability indicating robustness.