Roorkee: The Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee is a part of an Indo-US consortium working on a mega project of a smart energy distribution system Smart Grids. This $75 million 5-year project named U.S.-India collaboration for smart distribution System with Storage (UI-ASSIST) is part of the Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center (JCERDC) and will work towards addressing pertinent issues related to the adoption and deployment of smart grids including storage in the distribution network. One of the most important aspects of this project is to bridge the gap between smart grid, storage and renewable energy research in order to facilitate its subsequent adoption. Under this mega project, IIT Roorkee has been awarded a grant of Rs. 417.52 lakhs.
This consortium will bring in experts from academia and industry to collectively pave way to a more advanced distribution system which will allow increased use of distributed energy resources like microgrids and energy storage. The group will conduct research and deploy new smart grid and energy storage technologies which will help in modernizing grids, make them smarter and increase their resilience and reliability. The consortium will be divided into 2 teams, the Indian Core team and the US Core team. The Indian Core team will comprise of IIT Kanpur, IIT Roorkee, IIT Delhi, IIT Madras, IIT Bhubaneshwar and the Energy Resource Institute New Delhi. The US Core team will comprise of Washington State University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Texas A&M University.
Under this consortium, IIT Roorkee will investigate the operation of microgrids embedded distribution system under grid unbalance, irregular switching of diverse microgrids and extreme grid conditions. The Institute will:
· Evaluate the coordination and management techniques between different microgrids in terms of voltage and frequency deviations at both microgrids and at distribution system level to avoid the overloading and under loading scenarios of microgrids
· Conduct an Impact analysis for rapid connection and disconnection of microgrids in Indian distribution system context
· Implement energy management schemes in microgrids embedded distributions system to reduce peak demand and power deficit of conventional power system
Speaking about the smart grid project, Prof. N.P Padhy, Professor, IIT Roorkee said “In 2012, India, in its peak summers, had to experience a serious blackout where entire country was under dark for three days except southern part of the country. This led to lot of socio-economic problems in the life of people across the nation. The reason for this was increase in demand and cascaded failure of generators to supply for the need. In spite of understanding the importance of renewable energy, it is not possible to have large scale integration of renewable to the main grid due to the its limited capacity. Thus, the concept of Microgrid has gained lot of interest in recent days.”
The prototype hybrid AC/DC microgrid test bed will be developed at IIT Roorkee. The Indian Rural Distribution pilot project will be tested in 2 villages near Kanpur and will be implemented and monitored by IIT Kanpur and the India Semi-Urban distribution pilot project will also be deployed at the IIT Kanpur campus.
About IIT Roorkee (https://www.iitr.ac.in/)
IIT Roorkee is among the foremost of institutes of national importance in higher technological education and in engineering, basic and applied research. Since its establishment, the Institute has played a vital role in providing the technical manpower and know-how to the country and in pursuit of research. The Institute ranked 6th in the engineering category in the NIRF Rankings 2017, announced by the HRD Ministry. It ranks amongst the best technological institutions in the world and has contributed to all sectors of technological development. It has also been considered a trend-setter in the area of education and research in the field of science, technology, and engineering. The Institute had celebrated its Sesquicentennial in October 1996 and now completed more than 170 years of its existence. It was converted to IIT on September 21, 2001 by an Ordinance issued by the Government of India declared it as the nation’s seventh Indian Institute of Technology, an “Institution of National Importance”.