JU, GCW Parade, Prisons Department collaborate for CBT-I

Jammu: In a path-breaking initiative, the Prisons Department J&K in collaboration with the University of Jammu and Government College for Women, Parade, conducted Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) at District Jail, Ambphala, Jammu to help inmates overcome sleep difficulties.
The target group of 61 inmates, including 6 female inmates, was selected on the basis of baseline data identifying those who figured high on the insomnia severity index. The intervention comprised evaluation of sleep problems, sleep log monitoring, exercises for improved sleep hygiene, relaxation techniques, addressing dysfunctional belief related to sleep, assessing treatment compliance and review of participants’ progress.
The sessions were held within the Jail premises with the help of Dr. Arti Bakshi, Head Department of Psychology, University of Jammu & Dr. Piyali Arora, Assistant Professor, Clinical Psychologist, Government College for Women, Parade, Jammu. Both of them were present during the media briefing held at the Jail by V. K. Singh, DG Prisons, J&K and Mirza Saleem Ahmed Beig, Superintendent, District Jail Jammu.
V. K. Singh emphasised that at the core of Prison administration is Correctional service which seeks to reform the inmates and enables them to re-integrate as healthy adults within the community on release. Accordingly, a need was felt to address sleep problems for better reformation of inmates which led to planning and implementation of this intervention. Sleep problems affect the heath of inmates adversely and long-term sleep problems among inmates may lead to memory issues, poor concentration, weak immune system, susceptibility to diabetes, depression, anxiety, suicide ideation, etc., which in turn create an extra burden on the system and pose serious challenges in corrections.
DG Prisons informed that after the successful conduct of this intervention at District Jail Jammu, the Department is planning to conduct the program in other jails of the Union Territory. Training of trainers from among the staff is being planned at Jammu and Srinagar and is expected to be held in July, 2020 so that inmates in other jails would also undergo correctional process in attitude and behaviour thus helping them integrate better in the society on release.
Mirza Saleem Ahmed Beig stated that in the present COVID-19 scenario, the advantages of a healthy immune system have been repeatedly highlighted.
The faculty of JU and GCW Parade stated that earlier a study had been conducted by the University of Manchester, UK in 2016 which had concluded that Insomnia Disorder and poor sleep quality were common in adult English prisoners and the findings emphasised the need for dedicated treatment pathways to improve screening, assessment and treatment of insomnia in prisons. Previous studies had identified risk factors for insomnia to include increased age, psychiatric disorders (eg depression, anxiety, personality disorders), physical ill-health, stressful events, prescription medication and substance abuse.
CBT-I was conducted with these 61 inmates and feedback/data analysis reveals that there has been a significant improvement in quality of sleep duration of these inmates (66% had benefitted) over a period of three months.