Mangrove Ecosystems in Caribbean SIDS: Curaçao
Mangroves in Curaçao are highly endangered.
After years of eradication, only 0.55% of Curaçao is still covered by mangroves.
Recognizing their great value for coastal protection, as nesting sites for birds, and as breeding and nursery grounds for fish, shrimp, and other marine animals and microorganisms, mangroves represent an important ecosystem that must be protected.
In Curacao, mangroves are found primarily in the Rif area, which is the only green space of significance in downtown Willemstad, Curacao. More than 20 bird species have been recorded in the Rif mangrove area.
Mangroves protect coastal areas and the climate
In Curaçao, the conservation of mangrove ecosystems is essential for the protection of coastal areas, especially on the southern coast of the island.
These mangroves are important in preventing coastal flooding and serve as a natural filtration and purification system for runoff from the land. They protect the coral reef systems in the adjacent sea from further degradation due to pollution.
Mangrove ecosystems are also essential for capturing and storing carbon dioxide (CO2), contributing to the fight against climate change.