Plastic pollution is getting worse in this region and globally, and the new project – led by the University of Exeter and the Galapagos Conservation Trust – will map the sources of plastic waste, investigate its effects and generate solutions to reduce waste.
Researchers will work with governments, businesses, charities, local scientists and communities to “co-design” effective, long-lasting ways to cut plastic pollution
The four-year project – called “Reducing the impacts of plastic waste in the Eastern Pacific Ocean” – has received a £3.3 million grant from UK Research and Innovation’s Global Challenges Research Fund.
The project team contains seven universities from Ecuador, Peru, Chile and the UK, including Plymouth Marine Laboratory and an extensive network of collaborators across multiple sectors and all stages of the flow of plastics.
“This challenge requires a regional-scale approach that allows us to properly understand sources, sinks and impacts, and brings together experts from multiple fields,” said project leader Professor Tamara Galloway, of Exeter’s Global Systems Institute.
“Our vision is to reduce plastic leakage in the Eastern Pacific region, by creating a more circular economy; designing out waste and pollution, keeping items in use for longer and regenerating natural systems.
“Over the last three years, we have established an enthusiastic network across the region committed to designing and implementing solutions for lasting change in Ecuador, Peru and Chile.
“Our network has strong relationships with research institutions, national park managers and environment ministries in each country.”
Plastic pollution is a particular concern in this region because its seas contain rich biodiversity – including many species found nowhere else on Earth – and fishing and eco-tourism are major sources of income.
“We want to create solutions that benefit everyone – from poorer coastal communities to people in huge cities like Lima – and are also good for wildlife and wider ecosystems,” said Jen Jones, of the Galapagos Conservation Trust and the University of Exeter.
“Workshops with local people are a key part of our approach, and many of our best ideas have come from schoolchildren who are concerned about plastic pollution.”
Jones said the project aims to create “self-sustaining” solutions that benefit people and keep plastic out of the oceans.
She added: “We hope our approach – identifying the issues and possible solutions with local involvement at every stage – can provide a ‘toolkit’ that could be used to tackle plastic pollution elsewhere in the world.”