PANChSHEEEL Study presents integrated package of interventions to address Under-Nutrition in Children

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New Delhi : Funded by the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) and Medical Research Council (MRC), the PANChSHEEEL Study, a collaboration between Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, University College London (UCL), Save the Children, and Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) was released in IIT Delhi today.
The study’s findings were released by Prof. Monica Lakhanpaul, Professor of Integrated Community Child Health, UCL Great Ormond Institute of Child Health, and Principal Investigator of the PANChSHEEEL study in the presence of Prof. Vinod K Paul, Member, NITI Aayog.

The PANChSHEEEL study, conducted in two blocks of Banswara district in Rajasthan, uses a community participatory approach to co-develop an interdisciplinary intervention package to improve infant and young child feeding and care practices, using schools as a platform and children as change agents. It utilises a community mobilisation and collective action approach to bring about change at the household, village and policy level and create linkages between Health, Education, Engineering and Environment. The project aligns with POSHAN Abhiyaan, a Government of India mission that takes a multi-sectoral approach towards synergistic solutions, recognising the socio-ecological determinants of under-nutrition.

Sharing landmark achievements of the ‘Poshan Maah’, Prof. Vinod K Paul, Member, NITI Aayog said, “There is a greater political momentum against malnutrition in the country, with PM closely backing up the Poshan Abiyaan. We need to take note of the fact that 90% children are not food hungry but nutrition hungry. In the last Poshan Maah, the Mission reached out to almost 10 crore children, 2/3 participants were women and 30% were converged activities. It triggered a Jan – Andolan and the same message needs to be reinforced to and from all stakeholders – media, community, citizens, we all need to converge to create behavioural change to ensure a better start of life”.

Talking about the key findings of the report, Prof Monica Lakhanpaul added, “Schools are a key part of our intervention as a recognised platform for social change, so we envisage that schools – where communities come together, teachers are respected and children can be change agents even in the homes – can be a forum to enhance existing platforms of community health delivery such as the Anganwadi centres”.
Professor Virendra Kumar Vijay, IIT Delhi, said: “Through this interdisciplinary project we assessed the environmental and engineering factors affecting nutrition. We found that clean water and safe sanitation systems has a vital role to play”.

Dr. Rajesh Khanna, Senior Technical Advisor – Health & Nutrition, Save the Children added, “Tackling the problem of undernutrition requires cross-sectoral and context-specific interventions. The PANChSHEEEL study has been unique as it has not only collected information on both nutrition specific and nutrition sensitive factors, but also utilised the information effectively for developing the intervention package working together with the community. The emerging design is extremely relevant in the context of POSHAN Mission”.

The research study is structured around existing networks of Aanganwadi Centres in India, that are now co-located with schools, creating an opportunity to develop ‘community education and innovation hubs’. Through mixed methods, different perspectives and data were obtained on IYCF and care practices and the intervention has been designed keeping in mind a community approach with focus on schools as a platform for community engagement and mobilization.