University of Helsinki: ERC awards five-year grant for research on the construction of scientific knowledge

As a case study, she will utilise experiences of electrotherapy.

According to Soile Ylivuori, the discovery of the principles of electricity in the 18th century saw Europe and North America taken over by a veritable electro-craze, as doctors, natural philosophers and quacks competed in applying this wondrous element to the promotion of human health with a range of experimental methods.

This is why Ylivuori is looking at medical electricity specifically from the perspective of the bodily experiences and feelings of patients, looking for answers to the following questions, among others: on which and whose ailments were electrotherapies trialled, and whose experiences were considered scientifically significant?

Focus on electrotherapy experiences in the period 1740–1840
By way of the transnational history of electrotherapy, Ylivuori’s project explores the little-researched role of gender- and class-related experiences in the production of scientific knowledge.

“As case studies, our four-person research group will examine electrotherapies administered in London, Paris, Berlin and New England between 1740 and 1840,” Ylivuori says.

The source material for the study is composed of patients’ personal descriptions as well as scholarly and popular texts on electrotherapies, which will be used to investigate the construction of scientific knowledge as a hybridised and heterogeneous process where embodied knowledge plays a key role.
By utilising phenomenology and cognitive science alongside methods of historical research, the research project aims to expand international research on the history of science and knowledge towards embodied and experiential types of knowledge.

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