University of York: Researchers call for urgent action for former staff left behind in Afghanistan

While important progress has been made in revising the resettlement policy for local staff in the months preceding the Taliban take-over – such as allowing individuals who have already fled Afghanistan into neighbouring countries to apply for resettlement in the UK — much more needs to be done to speed up processes and ensure former staff can reach the UK safely, the researchers say.

The call follows the recent publication of a new report examining the national resettlement policies aimed at former Afghan staff of eight countries which were part of the multinational NATO-led military mission in Afghanistan: Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Failed

The report observes that despite the multinational nature of the mission in Afghanistan, participating countries failed to develop an international resettlement scheme for Afghan local staff. Overall, this lack of coordination resulted in unequal treatment of local Afghan staff, who faced a similar degree of risk and worked in the same capacity, albeit for different nations.

The UK employed around 7,000 local people in Afghanistan, including 2,850 interpreters. Even long before the takeover of the country, the Taliban called interpreters traitors and explicitly called for them to be killed.

Trauma

Lead author of the report, Dr Sara de Jong from the Department of Politics at the University of York, said: “Under pressure from civil society, the UK government initially made important improvements to the Afghan Relocation and Assistance Policy (ARAP) resettlement scheme for former Afghan staff. But one year on from the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan, the actual implementation is still left wanting. Action, such as speeding up the processing of resettlement applications and making allowances for those left without passports, would save lives and limit trauma and distress.

“The lives of Afghan former staff are at risk because UK military involvement in Afghanistan relied on the support of thousands of locally employed civilians who worked in roles including interpreters and guards. We must work at speed to help those still left behind, more than one year since the ARAP scheme was introduced.”

According to the authors of the report, key action that needs to be taken includes:

The Government should commit to providing applicants to the ARAP resettlement scheme with an answer within three months as long delays lead to distress and duplicate applications.
A permanent team of Home Office and MoD staff should be assigned to process applications to the scheme, speeding up processes and ensuring consistent application of the rules.
Allowances need to be made for eligible staff still in Afghanistan who are without passports due to the Government’s delays in processing their applications. Since the Taliban takeover, babies have been born and passports have expired.
Speeding up negotiations to allow former staff without passports to cross into neighbouring countries from where they can be evacuated to the UK.
British Embassy security guards who had already been promised evacuation last year, but who were forced to turn back due to the attack on the airport, should all be resettled as soon as possible under the new ACRS resettlement scheme.
Implementing a blanket policy to allow additional family members of former interpreters to apply for resettlement, following the Canadian model.
Better support for former Afghan staff once in the UK to allow them to join the workforce and integrate into British society.
The report highlights how it is common for the family members of former interpreters employed by Western armies to be under threat from the Taliban.

Devastating

Dr De Jong said: “It’s currently very difficult for former Afghan staff to bring their families with them to the UK. Having to provide evidence for a threat to their lives is often not possible when the authorities are the very people they are at risk from. This leaves people with devastating choices, as they are faced with leaving loved ones behind who are in danger directly because of their employment.”

The report also emphasises the need for increased support for former staff once they arrive in the UK.

Unemployment

Dr De Jong added: “When Afghan interpreters arrive here they find themselves in a situation where they are often primarily seen as refugees, as migrants, whereas the way they understand themselves is closer to veterans. So pushing them into unemployment or underemployment takes a lot away from who they are and how they understand themselves.”

In addition to the report, De Jong and photographer Andy Barnham met with 14 former interpreters who are now resettled in the UK to document their experiences through in-depth interviews and to take their portraits. The digital version of the project is available online and was funded and supported by the Politics Department at the University of York and the digital services company Capita.

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