As a lead UN agency for Education 2030 agenda, UNESCO has been supporting several initiatives to meet the SDG4: “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”. The Education 2030 Framework for Action has been adopted by UNESCO member countries in the World Education Forum in Incheon, 2015 and the SAARC Framework for Action for Education 2030 has been approved by the SAARC ministerial meeting in 2019.
UNESCO has supported to develop these two policy documents on SDG 4 in the global and sub-regional level. Henceforth, all member states are required to develop their National Framework for SDG 4 implementation, and Monitoring and Evaluation framework for tracking the achievements.
UNESCO in collaboration with the UNESCO Institute for Statistics provided technical support to build the capacity of the Steering Committee and the National Technical Team formed by the Government of Nepal who led the development and adaptation process of Nepal National Framework for SDG 4 Education 2030 and National Strategy for the Development of Education Statistics (NSDES).
The framework aligns with the global and SAARC frameworks and national education policy, and NSDS aligns with the National Strategy for the Development of Statistics (NSDS) developed by the Central Bureau of Statistics, Government of Nepal and SDG 4 global monitoring and evaluation framework.
Building upon the global and sub-regional framework of SDG 4 Education 2030, Nepal has developed and approved the National Framework and NSDES, which are the guiding policy documents of three tiers of government to achieve SDG 4 and monitor its targets. National Framework for Education 2030 and NSDES are the first of such a sector-wide framework of SDGs in Nepal.
These two documents are the key guiding policy documents for federal, provincial and local governments to develop their education plan, program, and monitoring mechanism for SDG 4. Some provincial and local governments have already initiated the process of developing the education plan and program based on these policy documents.